In the United States alone, nearly 5 million people are estimated to have hepatitis B or hepatitis C. However, 90% of people with hepatitis B and 80% of people
with hepatitis C don’t know they have it. This creates the possibility for millions of people to spread the infection to others without
knowing, or develop fatal liver cancer.
Here are four ways that hepatitis B and hepatitis C are commonly spread:
Receiving blood transfusions
During childbirth from mother to infant
Sharing razors or toothbrushes
Tattooing or body piercing done without adequately sterilized equipment
The hepatitis B virus can also be spread through having unprotected sex with an infected person.
If you think you could be at risk for either hepatitis B or C, it is important to get tested. If you are unsure of your status, please talk to your primary care physician. The best way to prevent hepatitis B is to get vaccinated. Visit the CDC or World Hepatitis Alliance for the latest information on global efforts to eliminate hepatitis.