Type 2 diabetes

Use the three steps below to begin your journey to Best Health.

1. Know this

Type 2 diabetes happens when your body can’t use insulin the right way or when the pancreas can’t make enough insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps the body’s cells use sugar (glucose) for energy. It also helps the body store extra sugar in muscle, fat, and liver cells.

Without insulin, this sugar can’t get into your cells to do its work. It stays in your blood instead. Your blood sugar level then gets too high. High blood sugar can harm many parts of the body, such as the eyes, heart, blood vessels, nerves, and kidneys. It can also increase your risk for other health problems (complications).

2. Do this

You can take steps to prevent type 2 diabetes. Even small changes can make a difference.

  • Stay at a healthy weight. A healthy weight is one that is right for your body type, height, is based on your body mass index (BMI) and the size of your waist (waist circumference).
  • Exercise regularly. Do activities that raise your heart rate. Try to do moderate activity at least 2½ hours a week.
  • Eat healthy foods. Eat a balanced diet, including whole grains, lean sources of protein, and vegetables.

3. Use this

Check out the following Best Health offerings to help prevent type 2 diabetes.

  • Online diabetes prevention workshop – This is a six-week diabetes education workshop that provides useful tools to help you reduce your risks of developing diabetes.
  • Online resource guide – Access wellness tools, join a workshop, and find a support group.

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Source: Healthwise. Type 2 Diabetes. Medical Reviewer: E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine & Jennifer Hone, MD - Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism © 1995-2014 Healthwise, Incorporated. Last Revised 7/11/11.