Heart disease

Use the three steps below to begin your journey to Best Health.

1. Know this

Coronary artery disease (also called CAD) is the most common type of heart disease. The coronary arteries wrap around the heart and supply it with blood and oxygen. Coronary artery disease occurs when fatty deposits called plaque build up inside the coronary arteries. When plaque builds up, it narrows the arteries and reduces the amount of blood that gets to your heart. This can lead to serious problems, including heart attack.

Typical symptoms include:

  • Chest pain or discomfort, called angina.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Heart attack. Too often, a heart attack is the first symptom of coronary artery disease.

Less common symptoms include a fast heartbeat, feeling sick to your stomach, and increased sweating. Some people don’t have any symptoms. See your doctor for regular follow-up appointments.

2. Do this

There are many things you can do to slow coronary artery disease and reduce your risk of future problems. Lifestyle changes can help lower your risks.

  • Lower your stress level. Stress can hurt your heart.
  • Get regular exercise on most, if not all, days of the week. Your doctor can suggest a safe level of exercise for you. A good goal is 30 minutes or more a day.
  • Eat a heart-healthy diet that includes plenty of fish, fruits, vegetables, beans, high-fiber grains and breads, and olive oil.

3. Use this

Check out the following Best health offerings to help keep your heart healthy.

  • Stress management health coachingEnroll in free health coaching and work one-on-one with a Best Health Coach.  
  • Online exercise planner – Choose from a variety of multiweek fitness plans to fit your lifestyle.
  • Online cardiovascular disease prevention workshop – Understand and manage risk factors in this six-week online workshop.

Log in to best health

Source: Healthwise. Coronary Artery Disease. Specialist Medical Reviewer: John A. McPherson, MD, FACC, FSCAI – Cardiology © 1995-2014 Healthwise, Incorporated. Last Revised 3/12/14.